The "SIMO" project (Integrated Monitoring System: applied to the GAS transport network) has exploited the opportunity offered by a tender of the Italian Space Agency aimed at encouraging SMEs to develop innovative remote sensing services based on the exploitation of new satellite data such as the COSMO-SkyMed constellation data.
The main goal was to set up an alternative Monitoring Service for the methane gas transport network based on the integration of remote sensing data obtained by aircraft and satellite.
The dangers that we wanted to control are, at first , the intrusions of earthmoving machines (excavators, bulldozers, etc.) and then, the gas leaks from underground pipelines generally about 90 cm. For the detection of vehicles, a new change detection technique has been developed for COSMO-SkyMed data, which is innovative because it allows the quantitative assessment of the probability of a false intrusion alarm. For the detection of the loss of gas in the subsoil we evaluated with a specific experiment (Prato Experiment) the negative effects that it entails on the vegetation located on the surface. The experiment allowed to measure the stress of the vegetation with a particular processing of the multi-temporal hyperspectral images.
Time Period: 2012 - 2015